Designing Banknotes for Security – The Designer’s and the Adversarial Analyst’s Perspective
Leif Yde - Leif Yde Consulting
Authentication and the Smart Phone Revolution
Hugh Burchett, Ruth Thomson and Jon Edgcombe - Cambridge Consultants
H.E. Dr Eng Ali Mohamed Al Khouri
Director General of the Emirates Identity Authority
An Overview of the Currency Market in the Three Regions of Asia, Middle East and Africa
Martyn White, Secura Monde International
Martyn White is the founder and Chairman of Secura Monde International Ltd, the world’s leading independent technical and commercial consultancy company specialising in pre- and post-issue of banknotes, payment systems and security features. His presentation will cover the three major geographical regions which are the subject of this conference – Asia, Africa and the Middle East. It will overview the currencies, issuing authorities, economic development, domestic production, print and substrate security features of choice.
Comprehensive Approach to Implementation of the National e-ID Programme: UAE ID Case Study
Shukri Al Braiki, Emirates Identity Authority
Emirates Identity Authority (EIDA) was founded in 2005 and was mandated with the task of establishing a national population register (PR) for the United Arab Emirates and the issuance of a secure smart ID Card for all citizens and residents enrolled in the PR. At the forefront of the objectives behind the establishment of EIDA on one hand is the provisioning of comprehensive, current and accurate statistics to the Government, and on the other hand, security of the society and securing civil transactions. This presentation will demonstrate how EIDA has developed a comprehensive strategy to meet those objectives through the execution of a carefully selected and correlated set of innovative business and technological initiatives. At the core of all those initiatives is the UAE ID Card as a key enabler through its graphical and electronic features and personalisation methods including last but not least a highly secure Personalisation Center.
The Sri Lankan Banknote Series – Bringing Life to New Notes
Superintendent Karunatilake, Central Bank of Sri Lanka
In 2011, after twenty years since the 10th series of Sril Lankan Rupees, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka introduced its 11th series of its bank notes under the combined theme of “Development and Prosperity, and Sri Lanka Dancers”. This new series of bank notes has special characteristics compared with previous series, for example:
This presentation will cover the introduction of new series, the selection of the theme and designs, the denominational structure, security features and printing methods, public awareness on counterfeit notes and clean note policy, counterfeit and soil resistance, circulation life and durability, public acceptance and reactions to the new series, and the pace of adoption.
Coverage and Trends in Worldwide Identity Documents
Mike Krechting, Keesing Technologies
In 1980 the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) agreed upon a document which outlined the fundamentals of the present standard for passports with machine readable data. This document, which has evolved over the years, is known as ICAO Doc 9303 and contains a list of security standards for machine readable travel documents that issuing states may incorporate. The list distinguishes between so-called basic and additional security features, and issuing states are recommended to incorporate all of the basic features and to select a number of additional ones.
In this presentation, the measure of adoption of the basic features will be unveiled and preferences for additional security features which have been selected by issuing states, from all travel document models included in the Keesing Reference Database will be disclosed. Furthermore, an overview will be given on the extent to which various security features, techniques and other security measures are incorporated in today’s identity documents, based on information held in the Keesing database. They can be categorised according to the phases passed through during the production and personalisation processes and the components of the travel document created with regard to 1) substrate materials; 2) security printing; 3) protection against copying; and 4) personalisation techniques. The goal of this presentation is to show the relative adoption of features by focusing on the proportions that are shown in the charts.
Finally, we will zoom in on the RFID chip and take a snapshot of this feature’s adoption curve and look at the latest trends in first line security features present in passports, and close with a most interesting conclusion.
Japan’s Zairyu-Card - New ID Card for Residency Management
Yasumasa Kamata, Toppan Printing
The Japanese Government will introduce a new residency management system for foreigners in the July of 2012. The Resident Card ("Zairyu-Card" in Japanese) replaces the current alien-card and will be issued to mid- to long-term residents when granted permission pertaining to residence, such as landing permission, permission for change of resident status and permission for extension of the period of stay.
The measures against fraudulent acts are a key factor for operating the system. It also supports the immediate issuance at the time of immigration inspection. This paper introduces an overview of the new system, and explains the security features of Zairyu-Card. In particular, we discuss how to successfully achieve highly secured card issuance process. It solves some problems arising from the background of setting up the system and restrictions involved in adopting the immediate issuance
Implementing End-to-End ePassport Solutions - a Case Study for Mauritania
Nigel J Ward, Safran Morpho
Safran Morpho provides an integrated solution approach to ePassport implementations for its customers. This case study demonstrates how Morpho made it easy to introduce a secure biometric ePassport for Mauritania by providing robust technology and program management support.
Security Through Design
Alan Newman, De La Rue
More than ever the banknote designer is the architect for the security of a banknote.
No longer is the designer just inputting into the aesthetics. To create a harmonious, successful and award winning design, the designer must understand the full life cycle of the banknote.
The harmonisation of aesthetics, durability, security and function are paramount in a designer’s toolbox.
This presentation looks at the influence design has in the security of a banknote, and the considerations that are part of the De La Rue design philosophy.
Security is not just about feature selection, but truly about the interaction of all elements
Nigeria's CURE (Currency Restructuging Exercise) for the Naira
Olajumoke M. Fakiyesi, Central Bank of Nigeria
The Central Bank of Nigeria has recently announced Project CURE (Currency Restructuring Exercise) involving a redesign of the currency with added security features, the introduction of a high denomination 5000 Naira note and the conversion of 5, 10 and 20 notes to coins. The restructuring exercise will change the Naira structure to 12 comprising of six banknote denominations and six coins and reflects a major policy development in Nigeria’s strategy aimed at enhancing quality of the country’s banknotes, promoting the usage of coins, curbing dollarisation and reducing the volume and cost of issuing and managing currency.
Following the last currency review in 2005 a series of consultations with various stakeholders were held. The results showed that public were apathetic towards coins, varnished noted failed to meet expectations in terms of increased longevity and there were difficulties with polymer notes in processing and disposal.This paper will present the major developments in Nigeria’s currency management that lead to the decisions behind the project, what the project entails and expectations from its implementation.
Honouring the Past, Symbolising the Future – the New Namibian Series
Sam Shivute, Bank of Namibia
The presentation will provide a brief background on Namibia, detail the rationale for designing the new banknotes and the process followed in ensuring the successful introduction of the new banknotes to the Namibian public. The presentation will cover the effectiveness of the newly introduced security features and will conclude with challenges experiences and public reaction to the new family of banknotes.
Latest Techniques for the Protection of Currency in the Region
Oleg Loginov, Goznak
Only an integrated approach that involves all types of modern, high-tech security features both in paper and printing can create truly-protected new generation banknote series. Requirements for new solutions need to:
- provide conceptually new level of banknote security and minimize the threat of counterfeiting by available reporgraphic technology
- be easily recognisable and reliably identifiable by the public and cashiers
- be adaptable to existing banknote production equipment
- conform to the requirements for durability during circulation
- be cost-effective, not increasing the cost of banknote production above a reasonable price
Goznak has recently developed and successfully utilized in full-scale banknotes production a series of security features which meet the above mentioned demands requirements. These include wide security thread embedding technology and a new generation of security threads, as well as a family of reliable, bright and user-friendly colour-shift security features based on a combination of offset and intaglio printing.
These feautres have been used successfully in the latest Russian banknote seriesse and in other countries' new banknotes in the region.
Durability: taking a global view of the banknote microcosm
Jean-Yves Ray, SICPA
Many interrelated elements are integrated within a banknote creating a microcosm of technological sophistication. Among all these elements, 3 have an overall and inter-related impact on banknote durability which is one of the most preoccupying subjects in countries where banknotes are exposed to challenging circulation conditions.
Substrates: significant efforts have been put into developing substrates with a longer lifespan. They can be of paper, coated paper, polymer, and hybrid substrates. Depending on countries, cash handling habits, circulation frequency and climatic conditions, substrates can react differently. When a decision is made on the substrate, it is important to ensure compatibility between substrates and inks.
Printing processes: the printing processes used in banknote production are offset, screen, intaglio, numbering and flexo printing for varnishing. The different printing processes complement each other to bring colours, images, motifs, relief, fine lines, serial numbers, tactility and eventually an overall protective envelope.
Intaglio is the most durable and exclusive banknote printing process. A high-quality engraving, good coverage of intaglio prints, and the calendaring effect of double-sided intaglio can effectively protect against soiling and premature banknote exposure due to wear and tear.
An effective varnish can protect the finished banknotes from soiling substances and keep the banknote cleaner over a longer period of time.
Security features: An exciting number of security features have been introduced in recent decades, particularly for public recognition and machine readability. These features can be integrated in the substrate or during printing. While the fundamental functionalities of these security features are for protection against counterfeiting, these elements should be as durable and effective on their first day of issuing and throughout the entire circulation cycle.
'What Impacts Longevity?' A Study of Varnishing, Polymer and Composites
Andrew Bonnell, Landqart
Banknote longevity has received a lot of attention in recent years, and there is a fair amount of published research and findings buried amongst the marketing claims. Using the simulated circulation testing method (Bouncing Ball Test) discussed in previous conferences, this presentation explores testing results and interaction of materials, printing, varnishing, and banknote removal criteria
Level One Security is Still King
Joanne Ogden, ITW Covid
Level One security features on passports, identification cards and visas are still the best way to secure those documents. In-depth tools or forensic investigations on these documents have their place, but police officers, immigration officials and security guards have less than 10 seconds to view a document for authenticity. ITW Covid Security Group Inc analyses the latest techniques and offers simple solutions that are not budget-breakers and are easily produced in mass for large applications.
Polymer Banknotes: their DNA, Performance and Advancements Revealed
Brendon Rowse, Securency
Polymer substrate, notably Guardian®, was a breakthrough innovation for banknotes which spurred significant development by the industry to improve the general security and durability offering. Transparent windows being a core security element have come a long way since first introduced on the commemorative Australian $10 banknote in 1988. 25 years later, polymer banknotes are now a mainstream choice for banknote issuers across a diverse range of circulation conditions around the world with high performance proven in wet tropical regions, hot & dry regions through to subarctic regions. The mainstream adoption of Guardian® substrate has been made possible through continual advancement in the design and security feature offering providing many evolutions in banknote design possibilities. Polymer banknotes are now more advanced, more secure and more integrated than ever before.
Trends in Manufacturing Banknotes and Security Documents
Phil Holland, Komori Corporation
‘Uncertainty’, ‘depressed’, ‘weak’, ‘ailing economy’ are all words and phrases associated with the current economic climate, which are having an effect on how we produce our world currencies and security products. Central banks and banknote printers, both government-owned and private, are looking to cut production costs by becoming more efficient and more competitive, whilst providing the industry with an improvement in quality and security of their printed products. Their aim is to prolong the lifecycle of these products by using techniques that will provide durability and flexibility of the products created. How can this be done?
Trends are beginning to appear. ‘Up Time’ is becoming a popular debate between management and production staff; how can the level of ‘Up Time’ be improved on and what techniques can be used to ensure this is consistent throughout all process within manufacturing and production? The measurement and capture of production data is essential to analyse the work flow and ensure maximum output.
Focus on the protection of the environment has never been so important. Machinery suppliers are under scrutiny in every process of manufacture, ensuring that their products meet with the expectations of their customers and must comply with local regulations in all countries. The health and safety of all employees is of paramount importance and reducing operator manual handling, and providing a safe and pleasurable working environment, is an essential ingredient to a successful production setting. What can we do, together, to achieve this?
Suppliers need to offer worldwide knowledge, provision and experience that is required to support central banks and security printers, whilst implementing these changes and ensuring a smooth and efficient transition.
Decentralisation of Secure Document Creation to Enhance Security Controls
Development Trading Corporation, Riyadh and Mark Filby, Security Foiling
Innovations in the Issue of Highly Secure ID Credentials
Joby Mathew, HID Global
This paper will discuss processes and interdependencies in delivering a secure ID credential, new trends in credential design and construction, and innovations in printing and issuance. Specific topics covered will include:
The presentation will be illustrated with case studies of projects in Saudia Arabia, India, Angola and the UAE.
Quality Control and Counterfeit Characterisation Using Elemental and Molecular Ion Beam Analysis
Dr Bilal Nsouli, Lebanese Atomic Energy Commission
Nano and Multi-Layer Coating for Highest Security Systems
Moritz Graf zu Eulenburg. INOVISCOAT
The demand on the functional properties and surface characteristics of security devices has increased dramatically. Therefore the market is driven by the development of new multifunctional security products with contents of nano- and micro-scaled particles. In the near future new products with new surface properties will control the market, whether we look at the identification or the copy protection markets.
To produce such multifunctional and “surface-enhanced” products, one has to focus on the complex application of very thin and ultra-precise layers onto a substrate. This publication will show new trends in research and development as well as mass production of coating technologies useful for the application of one and especially multi-layer systems between 100 nm and 10 µm.
The production of coated products is a very versatile process. A large number of influences are determining the final product quality, like preparation of substrates, coating and drying process, atmosphere conditions etc. This oral speech will focus on the application of a wet multilayer package in a continuous roll to roll process. The advantages of this production process are the extreme precision, the multi usability and that even the process by itself cannot be copied. Attached you see a picture of the cascade coating head, which can apply up to nine different layers absolutely mixing free.
Generally speaking the coating method is perfect for integrating many functions in one product, which can be visible or hidden. For example only this production method makes the integration of photographic items possible. Additionally you can add features like “read out”, conductivity, color schemes and many more.
The Renaissance of Analogue Security in the Digitised Age
Matthias Mueller, Hueck Folien
Control Marks for Tax Collection on Cultural Items
Yalim Araser, MTM
All-Polymer, Transparent and Flexible Ferroelectric Memory Devices for Banknotes
Prof Husam Alshareef, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
There has been an increased interest recently in using active electronic components and RFID tags to determine the authenticity of money and stop counterfeiting. Electronic features in the form of integrated silicon circuits are difficult to fabricate on banknotes due to the required high-temperature processing and limited flexibility of silicon.
Organic electronics has emerged as a promising alternative that allows the fabrication of electronic circuits on a variety of substrates such as glass, fabric, plastics and paper. The advantages of using organic electronics are their flexibility, transparency, low-temperature process requirements, and the potential they offer for large-area and low-cost deposition techniques such as spin coating and ink jet printing.
An essential element for realizing anti-counterfeiting organic electronic circuits and RFID tags is a reliable non-volatile organic memory technology that can effectively complement logic and sensing circuit elements to provide the desired circuit functionality. Volatile memories are unsuitable for applications such as RFID tags as they need a constantly available power source. They derive power from the radio signal that they receive which means that they cannot always perform a memory refresh operation. To our knowledge, no existing reports on non-volatile organic memories fabricated on banknotes. This is partly due to the fact that the roughness of banknotes provides a severe challenge to the realization high-performance polymer memory devices. Among polymer memories, ferroelectric devices based on P(VDF-TrFE) polymers is of particular interest due to its sufficiently large spontaneous polarization, non-volatility, low leakage, excellent chemical stability and low temperature fabrication. Here, we demonstrate all-polymer ferroelectric memories fabricated on a banknote with excellent performance and low operating voltage.